Driving To Discover Galicia

And
Nearby Provinces Of Spain And Portugal

Galicia was only part of this adventure, but it was what drew us in the first place.  We're hoping our story inspires you to explore.

Actually what piqued our interest was a contractor who did some work for us who also had a family home in Galicia… and he was so enthusiastic about Gramma’s house and homeland that we thought we just had to go.

And then we were close to Portugal too for a taste of Port on the Douro River and a stay in a Palace Hotel we had been dying to get back to for years and years.

Our research turned up interesting little places in Asturias and Galicia.

Not many blockbusters, but it still looked like a fun trip. 

Writing friends during the trip, I said, “This is a trip of small wonders.... castles and Paradores of the northwest of Spain... and a bit of Portugal." 

Just a leisurely drive finding little pleasures… and ancient wonders.

The star attraction in Galicia is probably Santiago de Compostela.

Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

Driving around in Spain through the years, we have come across the various routes of the Way of St. James... El Camino de Santiago in Spanish. 

Santiago de Compostela is where all the pilgrims and walkers meet. 

But I’m getting ahead of myself.

Driving Northwest Of Madrid

On our arrival day at the Madrid Airport, we only planned for about 3 hours of driving… Jet lag starts to take over by afternoon. 

We stopped in the little city of Medina del Campo to check out the first castle of our trip.  (Not in Galicia yet!  We're in the Castile and León autonomous region.) 

The Castillo de la Mota (1440) is perched on a hill above town.

Castillo de la Mota

A Quirk Of History

We zipped by the little town of Tordesillas which caught our attention because in 1494, there was a treaty dividing the lands of the new world between Spain and Portugal... but a map-maker goofed up and Portugal ended up with Brazil...  just the kind of obscure fact that tickles our fancy.

A Necessary... And Fun Stop

On to the little town of Benavente, which was about as far as jet lag would let us drive on the first day.  The new wing of the Benavente Parador was attached to this 16th century Caracol Tower which we could see from our room.

Benavente Parador Hotel
Tapas in Benavente

Benavente is a cute little town on the Way of St. James.  The Parador is a short stroll from the old town. 

Now you have to remember that in Spain, they don’t even START to think about dinner until 8 PM. Since we were too tired to wait that long, we opted for tapas and beer in town.

More Castles in Castile and Leon

Palacio Episcopal in Astorga, Spain

On the road again, we stopped in Astorga.  There is a wonderful cathedral here, but the reason we stopped was to see the Archbishop’s Palace that was built by Antoni Gaudi.

When you think of architecture by Gaudi, you probably think of Barcelona.  We did. 

But this palace screams Gaudi, don’t you think?

On the prowl for more castles, we drove to Ponferrada to explore the Knights Templar castle.

Castillo de los Templarios - Knights Templar Castle

When you see this castle, the word majestic comes to mind. 

It was built between the 12th and 14th centuries by the Knights Templar to protect pilgrims on the Way of St. James… and we saw plenty of “walkers” there. 

Ponferrada is so named for the bridge reinforced with iron next to the castle.

Finally we began closing in on the wild northwest coast.  We spent the night in a Parador in Corias that had been a Benedictine Monastery in the 11th century.  No deprivation here though… great food and wine.

Asturias and Galicia

And then to find some of those ancient wonders.  We went looking for ruins of an ancient Celtic site...

Castro de Coaña.  Castro means something like Neolithic site… And Ancient as in from about 400 BC…

(The Romans were here too, but they were late comers... not here until the 1st century AD.)

Casto de Coaña

Then we drove along the “Rias Altas” the wild north coast. (Rias are fjord-like bays.  Galicia is famous for its coastline rias.)

Don’t think you’re going to find a cute little coastal hotel around every turn… it really is a wild coast… beautiful, but not too many inhabitants. 

There are hotels in the scattered cities, but even those are miles apart.

Tower of Hércules in A Coruña

Finally we decided just to drive on to A Coruña.  It’s a big city, but we wanted to see the Tower of Hércules... the oldest continuously operating light house in the world.  (Someone has to claim that.).

Felipe II’s doomed Armada sailed from here to England in 1588.... just what you all wanted to know, eh? That was the defeat of the Spanish Armada! 

More Galicia Ruins and Rooms With A View

First... Really Ancient Ruins

Heading south now along the coast… on to explore the Costa de Morte (called that because of all the ships wrecked on the rocks)

Pedra Cuberta Dolmen

We got sidetracked when we saw a sign for the Routa do Dolmens...

Always suckers for off-the-grid places like this...

We followed the signs, but had to stop and ask a local police officer how to find them...

...but it was worth it (for us anyway!).

And Some Great Rooms With A View

We were on our way, driving along the coast cut deep with more rias (Rias Baixas here).  We were headed to Fisterra, another light house and Land’s End for the continent. 

It’s also the "final-final" stop on the way of St. James.  Can you see the scallop symbol on that marker?  Some pilgrims choose to go beyond Santiago de Compostela to end up here. 

There is a small hotel, but it is isolated.

We opted to drive back into the town of Fisterra, and we found this great little hotel with a view over the rias... Cute view, eh?

Cabo Fisterra - The Lighthouse and Hotel
Town of Fisterra - View of Castelo de San Carlos

Little Pleasures Include Great Seafood

That wine by the way is an Albariño.. the local grape varietal in case you’re wondering.  It goes really well with the terrific seafood in the area. 

Lots of mussels and octopus and calamari but this being part of the Way of St. James, scallops were often featured on menus all over… the scallop shell is the symbol walkers look for to follow the various routes.

Seafood Dinner In Fisterra
Scallops For Dinner On the Way Of St. James

Santiago de Compostela

You saw the photo of the Cathedral de Santiago de Compostela at the top.  It’s the destination for the pilgrims on El Camino de Santiago.

We have never walked the Way of St. James, but as I said before, we have often driven on parts of it in other areas of Spain… and marveled at all the pilgrims we saw.

Santiago de Compostela caters to pilgrims… and to tourists.  This really is the biggest tourist attraction in Galicia.  There are many hotels to choose from. 

The Parador

Parador de Santiago de Compostela

We splurged and stayed in the historic Parador de Santiago de Compostela. 

It’s also called the Hospital Real or the Hostal dos Reis Católicos

It has been a refuge for pilgrims since the end of the 15th century, and it is considered to be the world's oldest hotel.

With all the historic markers inside, it's almost like staying in a museum.

Inside The Cathedral de Santiago

Inside the Cathedral pilgrims line up to get behind the altar and touch the statue of Santiago... then file under the altar to see the Tomb of St. James.

Statue of St. James on the High Altar
Tomb of Santiago

The Plaza - Praza do Obradoiro

The Praza do Obradoiro is the heart of the city.  The Cathedral and the Parador form two sides of the plaza.  The Pazo de Raxoi (the town hall) forms a third side.  This plaza buzzes with activity all day and into the night.

Praza do Obradoiro, Santiago de Compostela
Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela at Night

Just a little aside… Praza do Obradoiro?  You’re pretty close to Portugal here… I think there is some Portuguese mixed in with the Spanish dialect here in Galicia.

Rias Baixas

Grapes

Albariño Grape Vineyard near Cambados

The Rias Baixas are a series of estuaries or inlets between pine covered hills. 

It’s also a denomination of origin for Spanish wines of the area like the Albariño we mentioned before. 

You can see the grapes growing everywhere.

And History

We drove a couple of hours south to the little town of Baiona to stay in the Parador there.

Baiona Harbor - Replica Of The Pinta

We spotted the replica of the caraval Pinta, so we walked down from the fort to the little harbor. 

In 1493, the Pinta made it back to Europe... to Baiona... just before Columbus’ ship got back to Lisbon... so the captain of the Pinta was the first to report that they had “discovered” the new world. (If you don’t count Lief Erickson.)

Those ships were LITTLE... Columbus and crew must have been certifiably nuts to sail away not knowing what was out there in a little thing like this!

And More Ancient History

We went to find another Celtic settlement.... there are many of them scattered around Spain and Portugal.  (We were still in Galicia here, but right across the estuary from Portugal.)

A Guarda's Celtic settlement, on the slopes of Monte de Santa Tecla, dates from between 600 to 200 BC and contains the remains of about 100 round stone houses.

(Going back to Santiago for a moment because it fits here... there were bag pipers playing... not Scottish pipers.... Galician pipers.... there are bagpipes in more places around the world than you might think.)

Ancient Celtic Settlement A Guarda, Spain
Galician Bagpiper

A Dip Into Portugal

Being this close, how could we not cross into Portugal?  Leaving Galicia we found the old international bridge between Spain and Portugal which was built by none other than M. Gustav Eiffel himself in 1884.

With our time constraints (and because we had been before) we passed on Porto.  We stopped in Peso da Régua further up on the Douro River, and found a nice little hotel... then wine tasted our way out of the Douro Valley...

Douro River, Peso da Regua, Portugal
Tasting Port in Peso da Regua, Portugal

We made our way to the Bussaco Palace Hotel.  This is a Portuguese Pousada.

We had seen this fairy-tale palace years and years ago… and we just had to go back and stay there.

Bussaco Palace Hotel, Portugal

It is over-the-top fanciful... Mark said it almost looked like a folly.  I said it looked Manueline like the palaces back in Lisbon.  The guidebook said it was completed in 1907 and it called it a neo-Manueline folly hunting lodge... guess we were both close.

The public rooms were just as fanciful inside... (yes, these and all photos on this page can be viewed larger....  just click)

Bussaco Palace Hotel Grand Entrance
Bussaco Palace - Guest Lounge
Bussaco Palace - Grand Staircase
Bussaco Palace - The Good Knight

Closing The Circle Drive From Madrid

We were out of Galicia and Portugal now… heading back to Madrid and home.  We stayed in a couple more Paradores that were in castles in Ciudad Rodrigo and Avila

And we stopped at the Museo del Aire at Cuatro Vientos Airport on the outskirts of Madrid to see their wonderful collection of antique airplanes. (It's worth the effort for all airplane buffs.  We'll write about it soon on Antique-Airplanes.com)

We've done other drives from Madrid.  All in all this was a fun two to three week drive from Madrid and back.  Hope we've inspired you.

Happy travels... even if you don't travel the world... just remember that life is a journey... embrace and enjoy it! Judy and Mark

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Thanks, Judy and Mark

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